(Natural News) Researchers found a link between consumption of omega-3s and reduced breast cancer risk by lowering insulin levels. The study, which was published in Nutrition Research, tested the ability of omega-3 free fatty acids (FFAs) to reduce insulin-induced breast cancer cell proliferation.
- High insulin levels in obese people are considered a risk factor in breast carcinogenesis.
- Consumption of omega-3-rich foods and supplements like fish oils is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. However, whether omega-3 FFAs regulate insulin signaling pathway to prevent breast cancer has never been extensively explored.
- The researchers tested their hypothesis and found that omega-3 FFAs were able to reduce MCF-7 cell proliferation and modulate Akt and Erk1/2 phosphorylation levels stimulated by insulin.
- In addition, they found that knockdown Shp2 by siRNA resulted in significantly elevated omega-3 FFAs-activated Akt phosphorylation but failed to change insulin-stimulated Akt and Erk1/2 phosphorylation.
- Viable cell number was not affected by either downregulation of Shp2 expression or Erk1/2 inhibitor U0126 treatment.
The findings suggest that omega-3 FFAs reduce insulin-stimulated breast cancer cell proliferation and insulin-activated Akt phosphorylation.
For more studies on the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on health, visit FishOils.news.
Guo Y, Zhu S-L, Wu Y-K, He Z, Chen Y-Q. Omega-3 free fatty acids attenuate insulin-promoted breast cancer cell proliferation. Nutrition Research. 2017;42:43–50. DOI: 10.1016/j.nutres.2017.04.008