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Time Under General Anesthesia Associated with Postoperative Complications (press release)

Saturday, August 06, 2005
by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger
Editor of NaturalNews.com (See all articles...)
Tags: anesthesia, health news, Natural News

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The elderly population in the United States is expected to rise from 34.7 million in 2000 to 69.4 million persons older than 65 years in 2030, according to background information in the article. This may result in increased numbers of elderly patients requiring major head and neck surgical procedures. As age has received increased attention as a predictive factor for postoperative complications, so has the question of the appropriateness of candidates for surgery based on age.

Marina Boruk, M.D., from the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, and colleagues, conducted a retrospective study of medical records, between January 1999 and January 2004, to determine if age alone is a predictor of outcomes for major head and neck surgery. The review included 157 cases of patients who had undergone a major head and neck surgical procedure, of whom 31 ( 20 percent ) were 70 years or older. The age of patients ranged from nine to 95 years, with an average of 56.1 years. Fifty-nine percent ( 92 ) were men and 41 percent ( 65 ) were women.

Patient's age alone was not found to be a predictive indicator of outcomes for major head and neck surgery. Time under general anesthesia ( TUGA ) was the only factor found to be consistently related to surgical complications and length of hospital stay. TUGA ranged from 75 to 1,160 minutes, with a median ( middle value ) of 240 minutes. The odds of a patient having a complication increased by 0.6 percent with every minute of anesthesia, therefore the odds of having a major complication increased by 36 percent every hour under anesthesia. The odds of having any complication ( major or minor ) increased by 18 to 36 percent for every hour under anesthesia, depending on the analysis. Being 70 years or older was not associated with complications or length of stay ( LOS ) in any of the researchers' analyses. The median length of stay for patients was three days in males and two days in females.

“Our findings support the growing acceptance that age, in and of itself, is not a risk factor for major head and neck surgery. … Care should be taken to carefully control preoperative comorbid conditions and offer the appropriate medical care,” the authors write. “TUGA showed a statistically significant relationship with complication rate and hospital LOS in multivariate analyses. This relationship held true for all age groups.”

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About the author:Mike Adams (aka the "Health Ranger") is a best selling author (#1 best selling science book on Amazon.com) and a globally recognized scientific researcher in clean foods. He serves as the founding editor of NaturalNews.com and the lab science director of an internationally accredited (ISO 17025) analytical laboratory known as CWC Labs. There, he was awarded a Certificate of Excellence for achieving extremely high accuracy in the analysis of toxic elements in unknown water samples using ICP-MS instrumentation. Adams is also highly proficient in running liquid chromatography, ion chromatography and mass spectrometry time-of-flight analytical instrumentation.

Adams is a person of color whose ancestors include Africans and Native American Indians. He's also of Native American heritage, which he credits as inspiring his "Health Ranger" passion for protecting life and nature against the destruction caused by chemicals, heavy metals and other forms of pollution.

Adams is the founder and publisher of the open source science journal Natural Science Journal, the author of numerous peer-reviewed science papers published by the journal, and the author of the world's first book that published ICP-MS heavy metals analysis results for foods, dietary supplements, pet food, spices and fast food. The book is entitled Food Forensics and is published by BenBella Books.

In his laboratory research, Adams has made numerous food safety breakthroughs such as revealing rice protein products imported from Asia to be contaminated with toxic heavy metals like lead, cadmium and tungsten. Adams was the first food science researcher to document high levels of tungsten in superfoods. He also discovered over 11 ppm lead in imported mangosteen powder, and led an industry-wide voluntary agreement to limit heavy metals in rice protein products.

In addition to his lab work, Adams is also the (non-paid) executive director of the non-profit Consumer Wellness Center (CWC), an organization that redirects 100% of its donations receipts to grant programs that teach children and women how to grow their own food or vastly improve their nutrition. Through the non-profit CWC, Adams also launched Nutrition Rescue, a program that donates essential vitamins to people in need. Click here to see some of the CWC success stories.

With a background in science and software technology, Adams is the original founder of the email newsletter technology company known as Arial Software. Using his technical experience combined with his love for natural health, Adams developed and deployed the content management system currently driving NaturalNews.com. He also engineered the high-level statistical algorithms that power SCIENCE.naturalnews.com, a massive research resource featuring over 10 million scientific studies.

Adams is well known for his incredibly popular consumer activism video blowing the lid on fake blueberries used throughout the food supply. He has also exposed "strange fibers" found in Chicken McNuggets, fake academic credentials of so-called health "gurus," dangerous "detox" products imported as battery acid and sold for oral consumption, fake acai berry scams, the California raw milk raids, the vaccine research fraud revealed by industry whistleblowers and many other topics.

Adams has also helped defend the rights of home gardeners and protect the medical freedom rights of parents. Adams is widely recognized to have made a remarkable global impact on issues like GMOs, vaccines, nutrition therapies, human consciousness.

In addition to his activism, Adams is an accomplished musician who has released over a dozen popular songs covering a variety of activism topics.

Click here to read a more detailed bio on Mike Adams, the Health Ranger, at HealthRanger.com.

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