Communities which have Rejected Fluoridation Since 1990

Tuesday, February 28, 2006 by: Fluoride Action Network
Tags: public health, fluoridation, health news

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"In about 60% of 2000 referenda held in the U.S. since 1950, fluoridation has been voted down." -- Zev Ramba, Washington Bureau Editor of AGD Impact (the publication of the Academy of General Dentistry). Quoted in the Chemical & Engineering News (8/1/88).

"Avoid a referendum. The statistics are that 3 out of 4 fluoridation referenda fail."- Susan Allen, RDH, BS Fluoridation Coordinator, Public Health Dental Program, State Health Office, Florida. May 7, 1990.

"The fact that nearly 3 out of every 5 communities which vote on the issue have rejected fluoridation, year after year, does in all likelihood represent a collective judgment on the part of the public that, when all things are considered, fluoridation is not an acceptable public health measure." - Edward Groth III, PhD Dissertation, Stanford University, May 1973

"The big cities in the United States were mostly fluoridated by executive action in such a way as to avoid public referenda." - James M. Dunning, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 1984. (Quote from: Social Science & Medicine 1984, vol. 19, page 1245.)

Hampton, Iowa December 13, 2005
Golden, British Columbia, CanadaNovember 19, 2005
Bellingham, Washington StateNovember 8, 2005
Springfield, OhioNovember 8, 2005
Xenia, OhioNovember 8, 2005
Tooele, UtahNovember 8, 2005
Mono County, CaliforniaNovember 8, 2005
Homer, New YorkNovember 1, 2005
Hood River, OregonMay 2005
Neosho, MissouriApril 5, 2005
Pagosa Springs, ColoradoMarch 2005
Snohomish, Washington StateJanuary 2005
Lancaster, OhioNovember 2, 2004
Hutchinson, KansasNovember 2, 2004
Clarksdale, MississippiOctober 25, 2004
Milton, Washington StateSeptember 20, 2004
Telluride, ColoradoSeptember 2004
Sumner, Washington StateAugust 2, 2004
South Blount Water District, TennesseeJune 2004
Chippewa Falls, WisconsinApril 2004
Honolulu, HawaiiJanuary 28, 2004
Lancaster, OhioJanuary 12, 2004
Burns Lake, British Columbia, CanadaJune 25, 2003
Dutton-Dunwich, Ontario, CanadaJune 2003
West Elgin, Ontario, CanadaJune 2003
Sequim, Washington StateMay 7, 2003
York, NebraskaMay 6, 2003
Columbiana, AlabamaMay 2003
Canton, New YorkFebruary 18, 2003
Shaler, PennsylvaniaFebruary 11, 2003
Billings, MontanaNovember 5, 2002
Kalispell, MontanaNovember 5, 2002
Washoe County, NevadaNovember 5, 2002
Methuen, MassachusettsNovember 5, 2002
Redding, CaliforniaNovember 5, 2002
Watsonville, CaliforniaNovember 5, 2002
Texarkana, ArkansasNovember 5, 2002
Ashdown, ArkansasNovember 5, 2002
Oneida, New YorkAugust 6, 2002
Franklin, North CarolinaMay 2002
Plainville, MassachusettsApril 1, 2002
Monroe, LouisianaFebruary 26, 2002
Colorado Springs, ColoradoJanuary16, 2002
Kennewick, WashingtonJanuary 15, 2002
Benninton, VermontJanuary 8, 2002
Lanai, HawaiiJanuary 2002
Cobalt, Ontario, CanadaDecember 11, 2001
Erie, ColoradoNovember 2001
Modesto, CaliforniaNovember 7, 2001
Worcester, MassachusettsNovember 7, 2001
Flagstaff, ArizonaNovember 7, 2001
Sutherlin, OregonNovember 7, 2001
Kamloops, British Columbia, CanadaOctober 13, 2001
White Salmon, WashingtonSeptember 2001
Goldendale, WashingtonSeptember 2001
Bishopville, South CarolinaJune 2001
Harper, KansasMay 31, 2001
Brewster, MassachusettsMay 15, 2001
McPherson, KansasApril 3, 2001
Norridgewock, MaineMay 5, 2001
Blue River, WisconsinFebruary 2001
Willamina, OregonJanuary 2001
Ithaca, New YorkNovember 7, 2000
Spokane, WashingtonNovember 7, 2000
Brattleboro, VermontNovember 7, 2000
Wenatchee, WashingtonNovember 7, 2000
Shawano, WisconsinNovember 7, 2000
Nibly City, UtahNovember 7, 2000
Hyrum City, UtahNovember 7, 2000
Providence City, UtahNovember 7, 2000
Smithfield City, UtahNovember 7, 2000
Logan City, UtahNovember 7, 2000
River Heights, UtahNovember 7, 2000
Pequannock, New JerseyNovember 7, 2000
Ozark, MissouriNovember 7, 2000
Wooster, OhioNovember 7, 2000
Squamish, British Columbia, CanadaOctober 16, 2000
Woodside, CaliforniaSeptember 2000
Ste. Genevieve, MissouriAugust 8, 2000
Winfield, KansasMarch 6, 2000
Wilmington, MassachusettsFebruary 15, 2000
Santa Barbara, CaliforniaNovember 23, 1999
Johnstown, New YorkNovember 19, 1999
Wichita, KansasOctober 26, 1999
Boca Raton, FloridaOctober 25, 1999
El Carjon, CaliforniaApril 27, 1999
Escondido, CaliforniaApril 7, 1999
Helix Water District, CaliforniaApril 7, 1999
Lakeside Water District, CaliforniaApril 6, 1999
Hutchinson, KansasMarch 30, 1999
Riverview Water District, CaliforniaMarch 24, 1999
La Mesa, CaliforniaMarch 9, 1999
Santa Cruz, CaliforniaMarch 4, 1999...banned
Bremerton, CaliforniaFebruary 2, 1999
Olympia, WashingtonDecember 15, 1999
Seward, NebraskaNovember 3, 1998
Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, CanadaJuly 28, 1998... quit after 30 years
Grand Island, NebraskaMay 13, 1998... quit
Norfolk, NebraksaMay 13, 1998
North Platte, NebraskaMay 13, 1998
Washington, MissouriApril 7, 1998
Kitmat, British Columbia, Canada, CanadaMarch 1998... quit
Hot Springs, ArkansasFebruary 1998
Ridgefield, OregonDecember 22, 1997
Largo, FloridaJuly 15, 1997
Clearwater, FloridaJuly 15, 1997
North Redington Beach, FloridaJuly 15, 1997
Amsterdam, New YorkMay 21, 1997
Suisun City, CaliforniaMay 1, 1997
Yardly, PennsylvanniaApril 16, 1997
Village of Orfordville, WisconsinDecember 9, 1996
Western Nassau County, New YorkNovember 21, 1996... quit after 23 years
Kelowna, British Columbia, CanadaNovember 16, 1996... quit after 42 years
Gothenberg, NebraskaDecember 1996
Bloomer, WisconsinNovember 6, 1996
Kodiak, AlaskaJuly 12, 1996
Carle Place, New YorkFebruary 1, 1996... quit
Winter Springs, FloridaJanuary 10, 1996
Pasco, FloridaDecember 14, 1995
York, PennsylvanniaJuly 29, 1995
Thurmont, MarylandFebruary 3, 1994
Albany, New YorkDecember 8, 1994
Middletown, MarylandNovember 1993... quit
Barnstable, (Cape Cod) MassachusettsNovember 4, 1993
Wagoner, OklahomaJune 17, 1993
Redwood Valley, CaliforniaFebruary 6, 1993
Los Altos Hills (Purissima) California1993
Campbell River, British Columbia, CanadaApril 1993... quit after 33 years
Port Hardy, British Columbia, CanadaNovember 1993... quit after 19 years
Squamish, British Columbia, CanadaNovember 1993... quit after 20 years
Fort Smith, ArkansasNovember 3, 1992
Milltown, WisconsinOctober 17, 1992
Bellingham, WashingtonMay 19, 1992
Comox/Courtenay, British Columbia, CanadaFebruary 1992
Palm Beach County, FloridaOctober 22, 1991
Ketchikan, AlaskaOctober 2, 1991
Suffolk County, New YorkAugust 15, 1991
Davis, CaliforniaDecember 14, 1990... 5th rejection
Morgan Hill, CaliforniaMarch 7, 1990... quit

Article contributed by the Fluoride Action Network. Original article available at Fluoride Action Network

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