The term “sugar” is most commonly used to identify the short-chain carbs that give your food a sweet taste. However, sugar goes by countless names, including glucose, fructose, and sucrose. But there are many other unfamiliar names used for sugar. To avoid accidentally consuming lots of sugar, look out for the following ingredient names:
The ingredients in food products are listed in descending order by weight. Food manufacturers often take advantage of this. For example, they use smaller amounts of three or four types of sugar in one product to make their products appear healthier. These sugars then appear further down on the ingredients, making a product seem low in sugar. So, when you’re buying food, read food labels and look out for different types of sugar.
Cakes or candies are known to have high amounts of sugar, but do you know that some foods that aren’t really sweet could be loaded with sugar? Breakfast cereals, spaghetti sauce, and yogurt are some of the foods you would not expect to contain lots of sugar.
Food companies make their products appear healthy by using alternative sweeteners instead of sugar. They also put labels like “contains no refined sugar” or “refined sugar-free” on their products’ packaging. This means that they don’t contain white sugar. Artificial sugars can appear healthier because some have a slightly lower glycemic index (GI) score than regular sugar and provide some nutrients, which are usually very low. Moreover, unrefined sugar is still added sugar. Common high-sugar sweeteners that are often labeled healthy include agave syrup, birch syrup, and cane sugar. These sweeteners are still sugar, so consume them sparingly.
Natural sugars, which come from fruits and vegetables, aren’t a health concern, unlike added sugars. However, food labels often combine added and naturally occurring sugar together into one total amount. This makes it difficult to determine how much sugar is naturally in your food and how much is added. If you are eating mostly whole, unprocessed foods, instead of packaged or processed foods, most of the sugars you’ll consume are natural.
Many food companies often put health claims on their products to lure people into purchases. The most common examples are labels like “natural,” “healthy,” “low-fat,” “diet,” and “light.” These labels are often used to confuse consumers into thinking that unhealthy, processed food is good for them. While these products may be low in fat and calories, they are typically loaded with added sugar. (Related: Big Food uses 'natural' labels to trick you into eating GMOs.)
Food manufacturers often decrease the portion size to make products appear lower in sugar. They often list a much smaller amount than what you would consume in one sitting. To avoid this, carefully examine the number of servings per container. If a small food item has multiple servings, you might be eating more sugar than you intended.
Low-sugar brands may still spin out sugar-loaded products. This practice is common with breakfast cereals. For example, a whole-grain cereal that is low in sugar may be produced in new packaging with added flavors or different ingredients. This can mislead consumers who may see that the new version is just as healthy as their usual choice.
The best way to avoid being misled by food products is to limit your consumption or completely avoid packaged and processed foods. If you do buy these products, carefully check the ingredients to spot added sugar on food labels.