As reported by Newsweek.com, over 114,927 bats were imported to the country between mid-2000 and 2013, with over 113,200 of the bats already dead. This meant that from the middle of 2000 to 2013, at least 9,000 bats were killed each year. Allison White, EcoHealth Alliance research scientist, collected and broke down the data obtained from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Law Enforcement Management Information System (FW LEMIS) to these figures:
This brought the total number of bat-related shipments to 2,734 across all categories; 2,638 were cleared and 96 shipments were either abandoned or refused entry into the United States.
This extreme and unrelenting massacring of bats has led to huge drops in bat populations. Speaking to Newsweek.com, American ecologist and bat expert Merlin Tuttle noted that areas once densely populated by bats now lie empty.
“I've seen huge losses, mostly due to various kinds of over-harvesting, especially at cave entrances, either for food or for sale as mummies,”said Tuttle.
These mummies, according to the report, are being purchased by the members of alternative communities. Taxidermists, collectors of oddities, and the goth subculture are but some of those groups. Bat conservationist Joe D'Angeli, also known as “New Jersey's Bat-Man”, explained that the goth subculture comprises a sizable portion of his efforts following. While most goths “wouldn’t be caught dead hanging these dead bats around”, D'Angeli stated that there are some who see mummified bats as “cool and edgy” and worth keeping in their possession.
And the country that's more than willing to satiate those interests appears to be Indonesia. The leading exporter of legally cleared wildlife shipments, Indonesia is known to be the biggest supplier of bats to the United States as well. Though the Asian nation is legally cleared to export wildlife, the legal requirements set in place do not necessitate the explanation of how, why, or who killed the animals.
“It is a virtual certainty that the bats you've seen advertised are not sustainably harvested. Any bat that died naturally would be quickly destroyed by ants or other arthropods or consumed by a scavenger,” said Tuttle.
He added that those people who claim to have gotten their bats from bat farms are “definitely lying”, as bat farms simply don't exist. Breeding bats in captivity is a challenging endeavor not helped by the fact that female bats give birth to only one or two baby bats (or pups) annually. (Related: Ninety-eight percent of cave-hibernating bats have died in Pennsylvania, say biologists.)
Even more upsetting is the impact that the deaths of these animals have upon the ecosystem. As explained by Tuttle: “Durian sell for billions of dollars annually in [Southeast] Asia and are extremely difficult to produce without bats to pollinate them, even in orchards. Also, there is a strong animal rights community who would be quite upset about these cute and highly intelligent and beneficial animals being slaughtered for souvenir mummies.”
Visit Environ.news for more news stories about bats and other animals that contribute to the planet's overall health.