In the study, a team of researchers at Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon University, and Dankook University used a 2:1 mixture of bamboo leaf extracts and Japanese apricot fruit extracts to confirm its effectiveness in blood clot prevention. The research team also looked into the mixture's potential as an herbal remedy to prevent and/or treat diseases caused by the clumping of platelets and formation of blood clots. In an earlier study, the same team explored the antiplatelet effects of bamboo leaf and Japanese apricot fruit extracts.
To start, they prepared washed platelets and induced platelet clumping by adding 5 micrograms per milliliter (μg/mL) of collagen. They used different doses of the mixture (75 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg), 150 mg/kg, and 300 mg/kg) for the ex vivo and in vivo assays to assess the solution's anti-platelet effects; and doses 50 μg/mL, 100 μg/mL, and 200 μg/mL for in vitro assays.
They orally administered the mixture to mice for three days and collected the animals' blood an hour after the final treatment. To assess in vivo antithrombotic effects of the mixture, they used a mouse tail thrombosis model induced by carrageenan.
Based on the results, the researchers saw that the mixture of bamboo leaf extracts and Japanese apricot fruit extracts prevented platelet clumping and blood clotting. It also increased intracellular cAMP level and decreased adenosine triphosphate (ATP), thromboxane A2, serotonin, and calcium ion. Moreover, it prevented fibrinogen binding to integrin αIIbβ3 and inhibited the activation of ERK2, p38, Phospholipase Cγ2 (PLCγ2) and Phosphoinositide 3 kinases (PI3 K).
The researchers concluded that the simple herbal mixture of bamboo leaf and Japanese apricot fruit extracts can prevent the clumping of platelets and the formation of blood clots.
Blood clotting typically occurs when you get injured, like when you scrape your knees, in order to prevent losing too much blood. However, there are cases when a blood clot forms even without an injury, causing complications. A blood clot can form in any blood vessel in the body and it can go to the heart, lungs, brain, or other areas if it breaks away and travels through the blood. If this happens, serious complications, such as heart attack and stroke, may occur because the clot can disrupt the flow of blood to important organs. Other possible complications include the following:
Before blood clot forms, it is best to take preventive measures. You can prevent abnormal blood clot formation by maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding cigarette smoke, eating omega-3-rich foods, vitamin E-rich foods, fruits, and vegetables, and being physically active. (Related: Inactivity doubles your risk of blood clots: New study says sitting around, like when watching TV, raises risk even in those who exercise.)
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