Originally published April 2 2009
How to Get Plenty of Iron as a Vegan
by Sheryl Walters
(NaturalNews) Iron is vital to life. Every cell in the human body contains iron. Oxygenation of tissues and cells is accomplished by iron contained in red blood cells which carry oxygenated blood throughout the body and pick up carbon dioxide to be excreted. The human body uses iron to enhance immune system functioning, produce energy and increase oxygen distribution throughout the organ systems. Iron is available in two forms, heme-iron and nonheme-iron. Heme-iron is contained in animal flesh. For those of us who choose a vegan life style, nonheme-iron, found in plants is what we need.
Dark, leafy green vegetables such as spinach and chard are good sources of iron. These should be organic and fresh in order to obtain greatest benefits. Herbs and spices such as thyme and turmeric are also high in iron. Both can be added to salad dressings on a daily basis.
Signs of needing more iron include lowered resistance to infections, fatigue, dizziness, headaches, brittle nails, a sense of apathy and feelings of depression. Increased iron intake through natural foods is key to preventing these low iron symptoms. The body needs to maintain about four grams of iron to function well.
Iron in the body is very unlike other minerals. Unless a person bleeds, iron stays in the system and is reused. The life of a red blood cell (RBC) is about 90 days. When RBCs die, the iron in them attaches to younger red cells. Women during their menstrual years, people with bleeding disorders and those who ingest substances that interfere with the absorption of iron (antacids) are most susceptible to losing iron. These groups of people need increased sources of iron in their diets. Failure to maintain adequate iron amounts in the body results in anemia, or low iron in the blood. This condition affects the entire body. In people with low iron counts, the body produces less hemoglobin (hgb), the oxygen carrying component of the RBC. As a result, less oxygen is transported to the tissues. Myoglobin is a molecule much like hgb except it carries oxygen to muscle cells, particularly to the heart and skeletal muscles. People who choose a vegan lifestyle can be prone to this type of anemia.
In order to avoid anemia, vegans need to take daily care to find edible sources of iron, Vitamin C, and copper. Vitamin C can increase the iron absorption from foods by two times. An adequate copper level in the blood is critical to the transport of iron throughout the body.
In addition to the previously mentioned high-iron foods, there are many other options for increasing daily iron intake. String beans, turnip and mustard greens, shiitake mushrooms, romaine lettuce, tofu and blackstrap molasses are very good sources of iron. Not quite as high in iron but still beneficial are asparagus, broccoli, chick peas, leeks, lentils, brussel sprouts and sea vegetables such as kelp.
Remember that cooking reduces nutrient levels including iron. Raw harvests must be carefully cleaned and it's important to avoid harvesting in areas where pesticides are in use. The more iron-rich foods that you eat in an uncooked state, the better your iron level will be.
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Hallberg L. Perspectives on nutritional iron deficiency. Annu Rev Nutr 2001;21:1-21 2001. PMID:15670.
Groff JL, Gropper SS, Hunt SM, 1995. Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism. West Publishing Company, New York.
About the authorSheryl is a kinesiologist, nutritionist and holistic practitioner.
Her website www.younglivingguide.com provides the latest research on preventing disease, looking naturally gorgeous, and feeling emotionally and physically fabulous. You can also find some of the most powerful super foods on the planet including raw chocolate, purple corn, and many others.
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