Originally published December 9 2007
The Effects of Diet and Metabolism on the Body
by Rich Amber
(NaturalNews) It doesn't matter whether you are male or female, low calorie dieting slows your metabolism, making it progressively more difficult to lose weight and keep it off. The failure rate of most diets is astronomical, yet people continue to try one after another, always hoping that each new scheme will provide the solution. If you're a veteran of the diet wars, the one word answer to your dilemma should be muscle. Let's take a look at why diets often fail and how strength training (exercise) can rev up your metabolism.
Dieting fails due to a combination of hormonal changes, muscle loss, and flat out frustration. When faced with a shortage of calories, your body's natural response is to conserve fat. This mechanism might have come in handy for our distant ancestors trying to survive a famine, but the "starvation response" and its associated hormonal changes make life difficult for many a dieter.
If a dieter persists long enough with the self-imposed famine, the body begins to break down muscle tissue for fuel. When that protein is broken down, it releases nitrogen. Your body will quickly wash away the nitrogen by releasing water from tissue cells, causing an immediate reduction in water weight and a noticeable drop on the scale. However, water and muscle loss is nothing to celebrate. The water weight will be quickly regained as soon as you have something to drink, and the missing muscle can wreak havoc on your metabolism for a good long time.
Muscle is a metabolically active tissue. It requires a certain number of calories each day to maintain it. Therefore, the more muscle you have, the more calories you burn even when you're just sitting around. As your muscle mass drops, so does your daily calorie requirement. Suppose, for example, that a dieter loses 10 pounds of muscle (along with maybe 20 lbs. of fat) on a strict diet. Now suppose that each pound of muscle had been burning 50 calories a day just sitting there. Together, those 10 pounds of muscle had been burning 500 calories a day. With this muscle tissue gone, the dieter must now consume 500 fewer calories a day in order to maintain that weight-loss.
However, we know that most dieters won't keep up the starvation routine for long. They'll eventually return to their old eating habits. When this happens, the weight inevitably comes piling back on. The kicker is that while they lost both muscle and fat during the diet, what they put back was all fat. So, even though they might weigh the same as they did when they started, they now have a lot more fat and a lot less muscle than they did before the diet. This means that their metabolisms are slower and their calorie requirements are lower. Even if they return to their pre-diet eating habits, they still require 500 fewer calories a day due to the muscle loss. That's one reason dieters are prone to regaining all of the lost weight and then some.
The solution to this dilemma is an active lifestyle that includes aerobic exercise, a weight-training program (pushing that lawnmower or digging that garden works as well as those bowflex machines), and a healthy diet. A healthy diet keeps your metabolism in high gear with 4 to 6 small meals a day. No food (as long as it isn't full of mycotoxins) is truly off-limits, but sweets and high-fat junk food should be eaten less often and in smaller quantities. A healthy diet is realistic and permanent; not something you suffer through for a week or two and then quit.
The goal is to consume as many calories as you can while still losing body fat and maintaining or gaining lean muscle. If your calories are already below normal, don't restrict them further. Instead, stick with your current amount and focus on becoming stronger and more active, so you can gradually increase your calories to a normal healthy level. If your calorie intake is already in a healthy range, decrease it only slightly, and only if necessary. A small reduction of about 250 calories a day, or 10-15 percent less than usual, is more likely to protect your lean muscle and less likely to trigger a slow-down in your metabolism.
Following this type of routine, it's possible to gain about one pound of muscle per week and lose about one pound of fat per week. The end result is that the number on the scale might not move much at all, but your clothes will get loser and your self-esteem will skyrocket. It's at this point that a lot of people will chuck the weight training because they don't understand the physiology of what's happening.
The truth is that when you're strength training, it's possible to get smaller and heavier at the same time. Muscle is a much denser tissue than fat. A pound of muscle is like a little chunk of gold, while a pound of fat is like a big fluffy bunch of feathers. The pound of fat takes up more space on your body. At this point, it's best to toss out the bathroom scale and rely on the way you look and the way your clothes fit. The scale can be misleading and discourage you when you're actually doing great.
The bottom line is that you want to make strong, healthy, positive changes rather than punishing your body and your spirit with starvation. Your goal is the sleek healthy body of a naturally lean person who can enjoy what they eat. You want to avoid, at all costs, the frail sagging body of a chronic dieter who has to measure every morsel.
About the authorRich Amber
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