fish

Humans were deep-sea fishing 42,000 years ago

Sunday, April 15, 2012 by: David Gutierrez, staff writer
Tags: humans, deep-sea fishing, archeology

eTrust Pro Certified

Delicious Pin It
(NaturalNews) New archaeological findings show that human beings were already deep-sea fishing at least 42,000 years ago, which is 30,000 years earlier than previously believed.

"All the bones we got inside were just the result of human meals, 40,000 years ago," said researcher Sue O'Connor of the Australian National University. "They were living in that shelter and we are fortunate that all the materials are preserved so well in that limestone cave, which preserves bone and shell really well."

Writing in the journal "Science," Australian and Japanese researchers recount their discovery of three fish hooks and almost 39,000 fish bones in a limestone cave in Jerimalai, East Timor. The cave is just 300 meters (985 feet) from the shore and 50 meters (165 feet) above sea level. Because all the hooks and bones were found in a single 1 meter (3 foot)-square "test pit", further excavation is likely to produce even more results.

The hooks were made from the shell of a large sea snail known as a Trochus.

"They are very strong shell ... we think they just put bait on and dropped the hook in the water from a boat (at the) edge of a reef," O'Connor said.

Although the archaeologists found bones from 23 different fish species, including emperors, groupers, parrotfish, snappers, trevallies, triggerfish and unicornfish, nearly half of all bones belonged to pelagic tuna fish.

And while the fish hooks found in the cave are only between 16,000 and 23,000 years old, the presence of so many fish bones from 42,000 years ago strongly indicates open-sea fishing.

"Parrotfish and unicorn were probably caught on baited hooks ... but tuna are deepwater, fast-moving fish," O'Connor said. "Tuna and trevallies were probably caught by lure fishing."

Clues to Our Past

Previously, the oldest evidence of open-sea fishing dated to only 12,000 years ago. Yet human beings were obviously able to traverse long oceanic distances at least 50,000 years ago, which is when they crossed from Asia to Australia. The new findings raise the possibility that the development of deep-sea fishing may have been one of the innovations that allowed humans to settle the remote islands out past New Guinea, such as the Solomon Islands.

Researchers do not know whether the fish hooks were being used in deep sea fishing or only in other types of fishing. It also remains to be seen whether the archaeologists will find any older fish hooks when they explore the site more fully.

"[The hooks] must have been attached with strong fiber lines of some kind, string, but we really don't know whether they were using this kind of fishing technology at 42,000 years ago," said archaeologist Chris Clarkson of the University of Queensland. "They may well have been out in boats with nets. They may have been spear fishing but certainly by sort of 20,000 years ago it seems that they were using strong, fiber lines and probably hand casting or dangling these fish hooks off the edge of some kind of boat."

Humans have been eating fish for at least 1.9 million years, since before the evolution of the species Homo sapiens. Scientists believe that the earliest humans caught fish by wading into freshwater streams and lakes and using only spears or other simple tools. According to researcher Kathlyn Stewart of the Canadian Museum of Nature, who was not involved in the study, the first ocean fishers probably used boats made from lashed together logs, and caught fish with nets and with fish hooks made from wood or shells. It is unknown how far out to sea these first fishing peoples ever ventured.

Sources for this article include:

http://www.rawstory.com

http://www.msnbc.msn.com

http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2011/s3376055.htm

Get breaking news alerts on GMOs, fluoride, superfoods, natural cures and more...
Join over four million monthly readers. Email privacy 100% protected. Unsubscribe at any time.


Have comments on this article? Post them here:

comments powered by Disqus

Take Action: Support NaturalNews.com

Email this article to a friend

Permalink to this article:

Reprinting this article: Non-commercial use OK, cite NaturalNews.com with clickable link.

Embed article link: (copy HTML code below):
Most Popular
Today | Week | Month | Year

See all Top Headlines...



GET SHOW DETAILS
+ a FREE GIFT

Now Available at ShopNaturalNews.com

O3 Essentials OraJuvenate™
A powerful, cleansing dental cream for maximum oral/dental health.
New Cancer Solutions
Over 3 hours of content covering today’s best cancer tests, how to kill cancer cells and the best diets and exercise routines.
Freeze-Dried 100% Organic Whole Corn
Our freeze-drying method preserves taste, texture and nutrients better than any other food preservation method ever invented.
Fenix TK35 Flashlight
Tough, waterproof, extremely bright and it’s touted to throw an 800+ lumen beam more than 1,000 feet into the night.
Inca Treasure Smoothie Pack
This pack of our four most popular superfoods from South America is the perfect combo pack for smoothie lovers.
Pink Himalayan Salt
This salt delivers significant levels of magnesium, zinc and selenium, with trace levels of dozens of other elements.
Pinhole Glasses - Aviator Style
Pinhole glasses are becoming famous for helping people improve their vision without the risks of laser surgery.
Oxy-Rich Facial Serum
O3 Essentials Jojoba Oxy-Rich Facial Serum is cellular nourishment for your skin. Helps smooth fine lines while enhancing tissue elasticity.
Freeze-Dried 100% Blackberry Halves
Our freeze-dried blackberry halves are grown in Serbia under strict organic standards.

Also on NaturalNews:

Health Ranger Videos
Activist music
CounterThink Cartoons
Food documentaries
FREE Special Reports
Podcasts
Colloidal Silver

Advertise with NaturalNews...

Support NaturalNews Sponsors:

Advertise with NaturalNews...

Most Popular Stories

Flu shot kills 19-year-old, but vaccine industry still has total immunity against lawsuits
Here's a nutty fact: Eating more tree nuts lowers the risk of all-cause death by up to 20 percent
Six important facts you're not being told about lost Malaysia Airlines Flight 370
Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 now clearly a government cover-up: All evidence contradicts official story
10 other companies that use the same Subway yoga mat chemical in their buns
BLM fracking racket exposed! Armed siege and cattle theft from Bundy ranch really about fracking leases
High-dose vitamin C injections shown to annihilate cancer
U.S. treating meat with ammonia, bleach and antibiotics to kill the '24-hour sickness'
USDA to allow U.S. to be overrun with contaminated chicken from China
Vaccine fraud exposed: Measles and mumps making a huge comeback because vaccines are designed to fail, say Merck virologists
Battle for humanity nearly lost: global food supply deliberately engineered to end life, not nourish it
Diet soda, aspartame linked to premature deaths in women

25 Amazing Facts About Food

This FREE downloadable report unveils a collection of astonishing and little-known facts about the food we eat very day. Click here to read it now...

 

Resveratrol and its Effects on Human Health and Longevity - Myth or Miracle.

Unlock the secrets of cellular health with the "miracle" nutrient Resveratrol Click here to read it now...

 

Nutrition Can Save America

FREE online report shows how we can save America through a nutrition health care revolution. "Eating healthy is patriotic!" Click here to read it now...

The Healing Power of Sunlight and Vitamin D

In this exclusive interview, Dr. Michael Holick reveals fascinating facts on how vitamin D is created and used in the human body to ward off chronic diseases like cancer, osteoporosis, mental disorders and more. Click here to read it now...

Vaccines: Get the Full Story

The International Medical Council on Vaccination has released, exclusively through NaturalNews.com, a groundbreaking document containing the signatures of physicians, brain surgeons and professors, all of which have signed on to a document stating that vaccines pose a significant risk of harm to the health of children. Click here to read it now...

Health Ranger Storable Organics

GMO-free, chemical-free foods and superfoods for long-term storage and preparedness. See selection at www.StorableOrganics.com



Recommended Resources On:

Natural News trends
Health Ranger news
Natural News GMOs
Mike Adams tracker
Natural News photos
Natural News Global
Natural News in focus
Natural News connect
Natural News shocking stories
Natural News radar
GMOs
Quackwatch
Vaccines
Health freedom
Dr. Paul Offit

This site is part of the Natural News Network © 2014 All Rights Reserved. Privacy | Terms All content posted on this site is commentary or opinion and is protected under Free Speech. Truth Publishing International, LTD. is not responsible for content written by contributing authors. The information on this site is provided for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind. Truth Publishing assumes no responsibility for the use or misuse of this material. Your use of this website indicates your agreement to these terms and those published here. All trademarks, registered trademarks and servicemarks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners.

eTrust Pro Certified Android app on Google Play

Sign up for the FREE Natural News Email Newsletter

Receive breaking news on GMOs, vaccines, fluoride, radiation protection, natural cures, food safety alerts and interviews with the world's top experts on natural health and more.

Join over 7 million monthly readers of NaturalNews.com, the internet's No. 1 natural health news site. (Source: Alexa.com)

Your email address *

Please enter the code you see above*

No Thanks

Already have it and love it!

Natural News supports and helps fund these organizations:

* Required. Once you click submit, we will send you an email asking you to confirm your free registration. Your privacy is assured and your information is kept confidential. You may unsubscribe at anytime.