choline

Choline Deficiency during Pregnancy may lead to Birth Defects

Wednesday, August 18, 2010 by: Atula Gupta
Tags: choline, birth defects, health news

eTrust Pro Certified

Most Viewed Articles
Popular on Facebook
Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 now clearly a government cover-up: All evidence contradicts official story
White House admits staging fake vaccination operation to gather DNA from the public
EXCLUSIVE: Natural News tests flu vaccine for heavy metals, finds 25,000 times higher mercury level than EPA limit for water
Irrefutable proof we are all being sprayed with poison: 571 tons of toxic lead 'chemtrailed' into America's skies every year
Truvia sweetener a powerful pesticide; scientists shocked as fruit flies die in less than a week from eating GMO-derived erythritol
Russia taking McDonald's to court, threatens countrywide shutdown
Why does the CDC own a patent on Ebola 'invention?'
Senator who attacked Doctor Oz over dietary supplements received over $146,000 in campaign contributions from Big Pharma mega-retailer and Monsanto
Global warming data FAKED by government to fit climate change fictions
Oregon man serving prison sentence for collecting rainwater on his own property
HOAX confirmed: Michelle Obama 'GMOs for children' campaign a parody of modern agricultural politics
U.S. treating meat with ammonia, bleach and antibiotics to kill the '24-hour sickness'
Ebola outbreak may already be uncontrollable; Monsanto invests in Ebola treatment drug company as pandemic spreads
Ben & Jerry's switches to non-GMO, Fair Trade ice cream ingredients
Diet soda, aspartame linked to premature deaths in women
Elliot Rodger, like nearly all young killers, was taking psychiatric drugs (Xanax)
Right to farm being stripped from Americans: Michigan to criminalize small family farms with chickens, goats, honey bees and more
BREAKING: CDC whistleblower confesses to MMR vaccine research fraud in historic public statement
Delicious
(NaturalNews) In a new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition it has been revealed that deficiency of choline, an important nutrient for cell growth and functioning, may lead to higher risk of birth defects in babies.

The study was conducted by researchers of McGill University and Cornell University on two groups of mice. One group had been subjected to a choline deficient diet during pregnancy while the other was given the recommended amount of choline. The offspring of both groups were tested and it was shown that the one with choline deficient diet had a higher number of offspring with heart defects.

Choline is a vital nutrient related to the Vitamin B family and it is present in eggs, spinach, bacon, milk, cauliflower, kidney, soybean, salmon, white fish, bananas, lentils and wheat germ. Scientists believe that in pregnant women choline plays an important role in fetal brain development. It is also required for healthy nerves, liver metabolism, cell functioning and transporting nutrients throughout the body.

Because of the insufficient scientific evidence needed to assign a Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for choline, Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine had recommended an adequate intake (AI) of choline in 1998. According to that recommendation, adult men need 550 mg of choline; whereas, adult women need 425 mg of the nutrient. For pregnant women the amount is 450 mg. However previous researchers had revealed that in the US only ten percent or less adult men, women, children and pregnant women have sufficient intake of choline in their diet.

Choline deficiency may lead to elevated levels of the amino acid homocysteine in the body which may in turn cause reduced cognitive functioning and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. A study published in Behavioral Neuroscience also found that choline intake during pregnancy and lactation improved attention function.

Marie Caudill, PhD, RD, associate professor at Cornell University noted that women who had choline deficient diets during pregnancy had two times greater the risk of giving birth to babies who had neural tube defects. A woman who did not take enough choline during pregnancy could cause the baby to have insufficient blood vessels in the brain that could lead to learning and memory difficulties later in life.

The researchers advise pregnant women to consult a nutritionist or their physician to know the amount of choline they should have in their diet and to ensure that the infant development is properly reducing the risk of heart, nerve or brain defects.

[Editor`s Note: NaturalNews is strongly against the use of all forms of animal testing. We fully support implementation of humane medical experimentation that promotes the health and wellbeing of all living creatures.]

SOURCES:
http://www.emaxhealth.com/1275/choline-defic...
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-12...
http://www.diet.co.uk/news/2010/Jul/fry-ups-...


About the author

Atula Gupta is a freelance writer and a nature enthusiast from India. She devotes her time writing on travels, traditions and the natural world for websites and magazines. She also keeps a blog www.indiasendangered.blogspot.com for endangered flora and fauna of India.

Join over four million monthly readers. Your privacy is protected. Unsubscribe at any time.
comments powered by Disqus
Take Action: Support NaturalNews.com by linking back to this article from your website

Permalink to this article:

Embed article link: (copy HTML code below):

Reprinting this article:
Non-commercial use OK, cite NaturalNews.com with clickable link.

Follow Natural News on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, and Pinterest

Colloidal Silver

Advertise with NaturalNews...

Support NaturalNews Sponsors:

Advertise with NaturalNews...

GET SHOW DETAILS
+ a FREE GIFT

Sign up for the FREE Natural News Email Newsletter

Receive breaking news on GMOs, vaccines, fluoride, radiation protection, natural cures, food safety alerts and interviews with the world's top experts on natural health and more.

Join over 7 million monthly readers of NaturalNews.com, the internet's No. 1 natural health news site. (Source: Alexa.com)

Your email address *

Please enter the code you see above*

No Thanks

Already have it and love it!

Natural News supports and helps fund these organizations:

* Required. Once you click submit, we will send you an email asking you to confirm your free registration. Your privacy is assured and your information is kept confidential. You may unsubscribe at anytime.